Indonesia’s Merapi volcano spews hot clouds in new eruption

MOUNT MERAPI (INDONESIA): Mount Merapi in Indonesia erupted on Saturday with avalanches of hot gas and lava clouds, forcing authorities to suspend tourism and mining activities on the slopes of the country’s most active volcano.
Merapi, on the densely populated island of Javaunleashed clouds of hot ash and a mixture of rock, lava and gas that traveled up to 7 kilometers (4.3 miles) down its slopes.
A column of hot clouds rose 100 meters into the air, National Disaster Management Agency spokesman Abdul Muhari said.
The eruption throughout the day obscured the sun and blanketed several villages in ashfall. No casualties were reported.
It was the largest lava flow from Merapi since authorities raised the alert level to the second-highest level in November 2020, said Hanik Humaida, director of the Center for Volcanology and Risk Mitigation. geology of Yogyakarta.
She said residents living on the slopes of Merapi were urged to stay 7 kilometers (4.3 miles) from the mouth of the crater and to be aware of the danger posed by the lava.
Tourism and mining activities have been interrupted.
The 2,968-meter (9,737-foot) mountain lies about 30 kilometers (18 miles) from Yogyakarta, an ancient center of Javanese culture and the seat of royal dynasties dating back centuries.
About a quarter of a million people live within 10 kilometers (6 miles) of the volcano.
The Merapi is the most active of more than 120 active volcanoes in indonesia and recently erupted several times with clouds of lava and gas. Its last major eruption in 2010 killed 347 people and displaced 20,000 villagers.
Indonesia, an archipelago of 270 million people, is prone to earthquakes and volcanic activity as it lies along the ‘Ring of Fire’, a series of iron-like seismic fault lines riding around the Pacific Ocean.
A December 2021 eruption of Mount Semeru, the highest volcano on the island of Java, left 48 dead and 36 missing.


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