What does the arrest warrant really mean for Putin – and how could it affect the war? | world news

An arrest warrant has been issued for Vladimir Putin for alleged war crimes following a “dramatic decision” by the International Criminal Court (ICC).

But could the Russian president be arrested and tried? Sky News explains.

What are the fees?

In a statement, the court issued the warrant for the arrest of Mr. Putin, suspected of illegal deportation of children and illegal transfer of people from Ukrainian territory to the Russian Federation.

He also issued an arrest warrant for Maria Alekseyevna Lvova-Belova, Russia’s children’s rights commissioner, on similar allegations.

Last war in Ukraine: an arrest warrant against Putin “could speed up his dismissal”

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ICC issues arrest warrant for Putin

This bold legal move will force the Court’s 123 member states to arrest the Russian president and transfer him to The Hague for trial if he sets foot on their territory.

Moscow has denied war crimes allegations since it invaded Ukraine in February last year.

Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova said: “The decisions of the International Criminal Court make no sense for our country, including from a legal point of view.

“Russia is not a party to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court and has no obligations under it.”

Could Putin be arrested and tried?

Legal commentator Joshua Rozenberg told Sky News the arrest warrant was a “dramatic move” by the ICC prosecutor.

But he said Mr Putin ‘will not be tried unless arrested – and he will not be arrested as long as he continues to lead Russia’.

The same goes for Ms Lvova-Belova, he added.

Mr. Rozenberg said that since the ICC does not have its own police force, it relies on states to cooperate with it.

Joshua Rozenberg
Picture:
Joshua Rozenberg

He added: “As things stand, not much will happen in the short term.

“Nevertheless, it shows that there is a possibility of criminal charges – something that Putin would have been well aware of since he started this.”

He continued: “This is the beginning of what many people hope will lead to international criminal justice.

“But clearly, as long as he stays in charge and stays in Moscow, not much will happen.”

Dr Chile Eboe-Osuji, president of the International Criminal Court between 2018 and 2021, told Sky News that the arrest warrant is “very important indeed” because it shows that “no one is above the law international “.

When asked if it was a meaningless gesture, he said that every modern-day important person who was targeted by the court ended up facing justice.

“I have no reason to think it will be a different story,” he said.

He also said he was sure it would end with the Russian leader being brought to justice, adding that ‘it looks like Mr Putin will have to learn that this is reality – it is no longer fiction’ .

What could this mean for diplomacy?

The arrest warrant risks obstructing any exit ramp Mr Putin might use to end the war, military analyst Sean Bell said.

He said it was hard to see how Mr Putin would make it to the negotiating table if, in the end, he had to be put on trial.

“Anything that further isolates Putin’s position carries a risk – it risks him redouble his efforts and focus his determination to continue this conflict,” he said.

“It doesn’t look to me like this is going to help end the war anytime soon.”

Sky News’ international affairs editor Dominic Waghorn said the mandate makes hope that a diplomatic solution can be brokered that much more problematic.

On whether the ICC charges could lead to Mr Putin’s isolation, as well as Russia’s withdrawal from the Security Council, Mr Rozenberg said it was a “matter for the United Nations”. .

He explained: “The International Criminal Court is not directly part of the United Nations. It is a separate body set up by a number of states.

“But on the other hand, he has close ties with the United Nations because the United Nations can refer cases to the International Criminal Court. That’s the United Nations business.”

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Is the arrest warrant “a threat to diplomacy?”

Why these fees?

Mr. Rozenberg points out that the unlawful deportation is a relatively minor charge compared to what Mr. Putin has been responsible for throughout the war on Ukraine.

But he said it was “the most convenient filler”.

He told Sky News: “All we know is that they [ICC] have chosen to bring this particular accusation to the public’s attention at this time.

He said it was a practical charge in which the prosecutor has enough evidence to show it in court and authorize an arrest warrant.

Mr Rozenberg said that if the goal was to put Mr Putin behind bars, that will not happen at the moment, “but who knows what will happen”.

Learn more:
Meet the woman in charge of chasing Putin to the wharf
‘I want Putin dead’ – Shock and anger after dozens of Russian missiles hit kyiv

What is the ICC?

The Court is an intergovernmental organization and international tribunal based in The Hague, Netherlands, which investigates and tries those accused of the most serious crimes of concern to the international community.

These offenses include genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity and the crime of aggression.

The ICC, which began operations in July 2002, says it seeks to complement, not replace, national courts.

It is governed by an international treaty called the Rome Statute and is the first permanent international criminal court in the world.

Some 123 states are members of the court – but that doesn’t include countries like India, Indonesia, China and the United States, which formally withdrew their signatures from the Rome Statute in 2002.

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