The pace spearhead has been nursing a minor thigh problem and was out of riding in the final two days of the opening Test in Perth, which Australia won by 164 points.
Cummins had said he was confident he would be fit for the second day-night test in Adelaide which starts on Thursday but did not recover in time.
“Team medical staff began Cummins’ recovery in Adelaide but coaches felt there was insufficient time for the fast bowler to be fully fit for the game,” Cricket said. Australia.
Cummins also missed last year’s Adelaide test against England as a close contact with Covid-19, with vice-captain Smith also skippering on that occasion.
Boland starred in the Ashes campaign but has been overlooked on successive overseas tours this year.
Australia play five Tests this summer, including three against South Africa after the West Indies, and face a huge 2023, with the Australian skipper saying on Sunday he was aware he had plenty of bowling ahead of him.
“It’s definitely been part of the thought process for the last few days. I don’t really want to turn a week-long injury into a three- or four-week injury and potentially miss the summer,” Cummins said.
He is expected to return for the opening test against South Africa in Brisbane later this month.
Even without Cummins’ bowling in the West Indies’ second leg in Perth, Australia were too good with Nathan Lyon shouldering the burden, finishing 6-128 despite the wicket offering little for the spinners.
They head into this week’s clash with a worrying record in Pink Ball Tests, having won all nine they have contested – six of them at Adelaide Oval.
West Indies have their own injury worries, with top batsman Nkrumah Bonner suffering a concussion in Perth. It is unclear if he will be fit to play this week.
Their pace attack is also struggling, with Kyle Mayers (strained shoulder) unable to play in Perth’s second set while Kemar Roach limped off with a hamstring problem, and Jayden Seales struggled with pain Knee.
Anderson Phillip is the first-choice backup bowler, but uncapped Marquino Mindley could also play after arriving in Adelaide from his homeland on Tuesday as cover.
“You always have to stay positive,” West Indies assistant coach Roddy Estwick told reporters.
“We’re up against the best team in the world, and we just want to fight and fight and stay in the fight for as long as possible.”