Wmo: Global temperatures set to hit new records in next five years, says Wmo

NEW DELHI: Global temperatures are likely to hit record highs in the next five years, making 2023-27 the hottest five-year period on record, and there’s a 98% chance that at least one in the next five years will break the record temperature established in 2016, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) said on Wednesday.
He noted that the rise in temperature will be fueled by heat-trapping greenhouse gases (greenhouse gases) and a naturally occurring El Niño (unusual warming of surface waters in the eastern Pacific Ocean) weather pattern. Typically, El Niño raises global temperatures in the year following its occurrence, meaning it would be 2024 in this case.
The WMO in its new state of the climate update, published in Geneva, also said there is a 66% chance that the annual average global near-surface temperature between 2023 and 2027 will be “temporarily” above 1.5 degrees Celsius above the pre-industrial period (1850-1900) in at least one of the next five years.
He pointed out that the global average annual near-surface temperature for each year between 2023 and 2027 is expected to be between 1.1 and 1.8 degrees C higher than the 1850-1900 average.
“This report does not mean that we will permanently exceed the 1.5 degree C level specified in the Paris Agreement which refers to long-term warming over many years. However, the WTO is sounding the alarm that we will break the 1.5 degree C level on a temporary basis with increasing frequency,” he said Petteri Taalasgeneral secretary, WMO.
Urging the global community to prepare for the upcoming challenges, he said: “A warming El Niño is expected to develop in the coming months and this will combine with human-induced climate change to push global temperatures into uncharted territory.
“This will have far-reaching repercussions for health, food safety, water management and the environment. We have to be prepared.”
The Paris Agreement sets long-term goals to guide all nations to substantially reduce global greenhouse gas emissions to limit global temperature rise this century to 2 degrees C, while pursuing efforts to further limit the increase at 1.5 degrees C, to avoid or reduce negative impacts and related losses and damages.
The United Nations’ Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has also warned that climate-related risks to natural and human systems would be higher for global warming of 1.5 degrees C than today, but lower than today. at 2 degrees C.
In addition to rising global temperatures, human-induced greenhouse gases also lead to increased warming and acidification of the oceans, melting of glaciers and sea ice, rising sea levels and more extreme weather.
The new report was released earlier than World Meteorological Congress (May 22 to June 2) which will discuss how to strengthen weather and climate services to support climate change adaptation.
“Priorities for discussion in Congress include ongoing early warnings for all initiatives to protect people from increasingly extreme weather and a new Greenhouse gas monitoring infrastructure to inform climate mitigation,” the Met’s global body said in a statement.


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